Abnormal Psychology 2nd Edition Nolen-Hoeksema Test Bank
1. What theory is Albert Ellis associated with?
A. Rational-behavioural theory
B. Rational-emotive theory
C. Rational-cognitive theory
D. Rational-developmental theory
2. Albert Ellis’ approach to abnormal behaviour is based on which of the following perspectives?
3. Which of the following best defines a theory?
A. A theory is a set of ideas that tentatively bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviours
B. A theory is a set of ideas that relates only to observed behaviours
C. A theory is a set of ideas that explains the causality of abnormality
A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions, gathering and interpreting
information about a phenomenon
4. Which of the following best describes the nature-nurture question of abnormality?
A. The nature-nurture question relies heavily on biological perspectives to address abnormal behaviours
B. The nature-nurture question views abnormal behaviours merely from a sociological perspective
C. The nature-nurture question integrates a biological, psychological and social approach to abnormal
D. The nature-nurture question rejects the idea that abnormality has multiple causes
5. Maria and her parents recently moved to a new province because her mother was transferred to a new
position in her company. She has had difficulty adjusting to her new school and has been suffering from
loss of appetite, irritability and lack of interest in her usual activities. Assuming that Maria’s behaviour
meets the criteria for abnormal behaviour, which of the following would most likely be the best approach
to explaining Maria’s behaviour?
A. Psychological approach
B. Nature-nurture question
C. Social approach
D. Biological approach
6. A psychologist who applies a social approach would likely attribute abnormal behaviour to which of the
C. Interpersonal relationships
D. Unconscious desires
7. The integration of biological, psychological and social approaches to abnormality is referred to as the
A. Vulnerability-stress model
B. Stress and diathesis model
C. Biological-stress model
D. Stress-anxiety model
8. Which of the following statements is most true of the vulnerability-stress model?
A. The vulnerability-stress model is based on a genetic mutation that results in abnormal behaviours
B. The vulnerability-stress model is based on psychological factors that exacerbate biological symptoms
C. The vulnerability-stress model suggests that the vulnerability can be either biological or psychological
D. The vulnerability stress model suggests that environmental stressors must always be biological
9. Which of the following best explains the interaction between vulnerability and stress to cause a disorder?
A.The vulnerability can be biological, psychological, or social and when coupled with the stress causes
the disorder to manifest
An individual experiences a minimal amount of psychological and social stress that creates an
atmosphere for the emergence of a disorder
C. Biological factors and psychological factors interact and create social stressors that influence the
Psychological and social vulnerability are loosely associated with the disorder, but biological factors
are the main contributors to the disorder
10. Which of the following statements best captures the feedback loops that maintain abnormal behaviour?
A. Biological and social factors impact each other but have no influence on psychological factors
B. Psychosocial factors have a more profound effect on mental disorders than biological factors
C. Biological changes impact psychological and social factors which in turn may affect biological factors
D. Biological and psychological changes impact each other but have no influence on social factors
11. Tonya is worried about her upcoming nursing board exams. She has been suffering from nausea and a
queasy stomach. Her anxiety has caused her to be irritable and she has been having trouble sleeping.
Tonya has been less patient with family, which causes her more anxiety and increases her gastrointestinal
problems. In this situation which of the following best explains Tonya’s behaviour?
A. Feedback loop
B. Psychological factors
C. Biological factors
D. Social factors
12. Which of the following biological theories best explains the changes in Phineas Gage’s behaviour?
A. Genetic abnormality
B. Structural damage to the brain
C. Biochemical imbalance
D. Genetic predisposition
13. Which of the following is not a biological approach to abnormality?
A. Structural damage to the brain
B. Genetic abnormalities
C. Biochemical imbalance
D. Biological defense mechanisms
14. Which term refers to damage to the brain?
15. Phineas Gage’s head injury occurred in which part of the brain?
B. Cerebral cortex
D. Limbic system
16. What is the cerebral cortex responsible for?
A. Regulating sexual drives
B. Advanced thinking processes
C. Relaying messages to the brain
D. Impulse control
17. Dysfunction in which part of the brain would be associated with abnormal eating, drinking and sexual
A. Right frontal lobe
18. Cindy’s mood has become increasingly unstable since her traffic accident. She often experiences bouts
of aggression and fits of rage without provocation. Other times she can be overly passive and fails to
recognize direct threats. What part of the brain did Cindy most likely damage?
A. Temporal lobe
B. Limbic system
19. Which of the following statements is most true of neuroimaging techniques?
A.They have a high success rate of detecting structural abnormalities in the brains of those who suffer
from psychological disorders
They have approximately a 50% success rate for detecting structural abnormalities in the brain of those
who suffer from psychological disorders
C. They have been successful in determining causality of the most severe psychological disorders
D. They often detect no structural abnormalities in the brains of those who suffer from psychological
20. What term refers to biochemicals that carry impulses from one neuron to another?
C. Electrical transmissions
D. Synaptic responses
21. Sally usually enjoys listening to music and playing her guitar. Lately, though, she finds these activities
unrewarding, and as a result she feels sad and unmotivated. Which neurotransmitter is likely depleted in
22. What does the term ‘degradation’ refer to?
A. The releasing of neurons into the synaptic gap for uptake by the receiving neuron
B. The reabsorption of the neurotransmitter into the initial neuron
C. The attaching of neurotransmitter to the receptor of the receiving neuron
D. The receiving neuron releasing an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter into other chemicals
23. Which one of the following neurotransmitters plays an important role in regulating emotion and
24. Which of the following is an important role of dopamine?
A. The functioning of intellectual systems
B. The functioning of muscle systems
C. The regulation of pain and mood
D. The regulation of aggression
25. Which of the following substances slow the reuptake process of norepinephrine?
A. Cocaine and heroin
B. Heroin and marijuana
C. Marijuana and amphetamines
D. Amphetamines and cocaine
26. In which of the following emotional responses does gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) play a role?
27. Albert Ellis’ anxiety would most likely be attributed to a dysfunction in which of the following systems?
A. The dopamine system
B. The serotonin system
C. The GABA system
D. The endorphin system
28. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Neurotransmitters are less likely to be considered contributors to mental disorders than psychological
B. The reuptake and degradation processes influence the levels of neurotransmitters
C. Substances such as heroin, cocaine, and amphetamines have little effect on neurotransmitter levels
D. Scientists have identified more than 1000 different neurotransmitters
29. Which biochemical affects an individual’s level of energy, reaction to stress, and mood?
30. The three approaches to Gene Studies include:
A. Adoption studies, twin studies, and family studies
B. Neurotransmitter system, endocrine system, and HPA axis
C. Behaviour genetics, polygenic processes, and chromosomal analyses
D. Linkage analysis, association studies, and epigenetics
31. The pituitary gland is most responsible for ______________.
A. Regulating mood and emotions
B. Regulating brain function and relaying messages
C. Regulating energy levels and managing aggression
D. Regulating the secretion of hormones by other endocrine glands
32. When the corticotrophin-release factor (CRF) travels from the hypothalamus to the pituitary, the pituitary
releases the body’s adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). The bloodstream carries ACTH to other
glands and organs. This example illustrates the complex relationship between _______________.
A. The pituitary gland and hormones
B. The hormones and endocrine system
C. The endocrine system and hypothalamus
D. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland
33. A dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been linked to which of the following
A. Anxiety and depression
B. Delusions and hallucinations
C. Anger and aggression
D. Panic and worry
34. Structures in the brain and the endocrine system frequently work together to create psychopathology as
illustrated in the
B. HPA axis
C. Adrenal gland