Abnormal Psychology 6th Edition Nolen-Hoeksema Test Bank

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Abnormal Psychology 6th Edition Nolen-Hoeksema Test Bank

 

Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-1
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
Chapter 02
Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
Multiple Choice Questions
1. (p. 24) Which of the following best defines a theory?
A. A theory is a set of ideas that relate only to observed behaviors.
B. A theory is a set of ideas that explains the causality of abnormality.
C. A theory is a set of ideas that bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviors.
D. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about a
phenomenon and for gathering and interpreting information about that phenomenon.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
2. (p. 24) A _____ is a treatment, usually based on a theory of a disorder, that addresses the
factors that theory says cause the disorder.
A. practice
B. modus operandi
C. therapy
D. hypothesis
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
3. (p. 24) A psychologist who applies a sociocultural approach to anxiety disorders would:
A. consider genetics as a possible explanation for anxiety.
B. consider the way cultural values or the social environment affect anxiety.
C. look for the causes of anxiety in people’s beliefs, thought processes, life experiences, and
relationships.
D. explain anxiety by taking into account a person’s unconscious desires.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Moderate
Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-2
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
4. (p. 24) Maria and her parents recently moved to a new state because her mother received a job
transfer. Maria has had difficulty adjusting to her new school, and has been suffering from
loss of appetite, irritability, and lack of interest in her usual activities. Assuming that Maria’s
behavior meets the criteria for abnormal behavior, which of the following would most likely
be the best approach to explaining Maria’s behavior?
A. Psychological approach
B. Nature-nurture approach
C. Personal approach
D. Biological approach
Bloom’s: Apply
Difficulty: Difficult
5. (p. 24) Which of the following best describes the nature-nurture question of abnormality?
A. The nature-nurture question relies heavily on biological perspectives to address abnormal
behaviors.
B. The nature-nurture question views abnormal behaviors exclusively from a sociological
perspective.
C. The nature-nurture question integrates biological, psychological, and social approaches to
abnormal behaviors.
D. The nature-nurture question rejects the idea that abnormality has multiple causes.
Bloom’s: Understand
Difficulty: Moderate
6. (p. 25) Which of the following statements is true about the diathesis-stress model of the
development of disorders?
A. The vulnerability can be biological, psychological, or social, and a stressor causes the
disorder to manifest.
B. An individual experiences a minimal amount of psychological and social stress that creates
an atmosphere for the emergence of a disorder.
C. Biological factors and psychological factors interact and create social stressors that
influence the disorder.
D. Psychological and social vulnerability are loosely associated with the disorder and
biological factors are the main contributors to the disorder.
Bloom’s: Understand
Difficulty: Moderate
Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-3
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
7. (p. 24) Which of the following statements is true regarding the different approaches to
abnormality and the continuum model?
A. People who favor a sociocultural approach generally embrace the continuum model
because they view psychological disorders as vastly different from normal functioning.
B. People who take a biological approach have traditionally accepted a continuum model of
abnormality.
C. People who adopt a psychological approach have moved away from a continuum model of
psychopathology in recent years.
D. Proponents of the sociocultural approach tend to view abnormal behaviors as
understandable consequences of social stresses in people’s lives.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Moderate
8. (p. 26) The biological approach to abnormality focuses on all of the following causes of
abnormality EXCEPT:
A. brain dysfunction.
B. genetic abnormalities.
C. biochemical imbalance.
D. poor physiological responses.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
9. (p. 27) Which of the following statements is true about the various structures of the brain?
A. The pons control arousal and attention to stimuli.
B. The medulla is important for attentiveness and the timing of sleep.
C. The cerebellum helps control breathing and reflexes.
D. The superior colliculus and inferior colliculus relay sensory information and control
movement.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Difficult
Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-4
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
10. (p. 27) The outer layer of the cerebrum is called the _____.
A. hippocampus
B. cerebral cortex
C. thalamus
D. limbic system
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
11. (p. 27) The cerebral cortex is responsible for:
A. regulating sexual drive.
B. advanced thinking processes.
C. relaying messages to the brain.
D. impulse control.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
12. (p. 28) Abnormality that involves eating, drinking, and sexual behaviors are the result of the
dysfunction of the:
A. right frontal lobe.
B. cerebrum.
C. hypothalamus.
D. midbrain.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Moderate
Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-5
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
13. (p. 27) Which of the following statements is true of subcortical structures?
A. The thalamus directs incoming information from sense receptors to the cerebrum.
B. The hypothalamus is a large structure just above the thalamus that regulates instinctive
behaviors.
C. The hippocampus is a part of the limbic system that plays a central role in emotions such as
fear.
D. The amygdala is a structure of the limbic system that plays a role in memory.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Moderate
14. (p. 28) Cindy’s mood has become increasingly unstable since her traffic accident. She often
experiences bouts of aggression and fits of rage in reaction to the slightest provocation. At
other times, she can be overly passive and fails to recognize direct threats. Most likely,
damage has occurred in the _____ of Cindy’s brain.
A. temporal lobe
B. limbic system
C. cerebellum
D. medulla
Bloom’s: Apply
Difficulty: Difficult
15. (p. 29) Biochemicals that carry impulses from one neuron to another in the brain and in other
parts of the nervous system are called _____.
A. hormones
B. neurotransmitters
C. electrical transmissions
D. synaptic responses
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-6
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
16. (p. 29) Neurotransmitters are released into the _____, the gap between synaptic terminals
and adjacent neurons, and then bind to special _____, molecules on the membrane of adjacent
neurons.
A. receptor; dendrites
B. synapse; receptors
C. synapse; axons
D. receptor; cell bodies
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
17. (p. 29) When the initial neuron releasing a neurotransmitter into the synapse reabsorbs some
of the neurotransmitter and thereby decreases the amount of neurotransmitter left in the
synapse, the process is called _____.
A. reuptake
B. degradation
C. blocking
D. carrying
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
18. (p. 29) Degradation refers to the:
A. release of neurons into the synaptic gap.
B. reabsorption of the neurotransmitter into the initial neuron.
C. attachment of the neurotransmitter to a receptor.
D. release of an enzyme by the receiving neuron that breaks down the neurotransmitter into
other biochemicals.
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Chapter 02 – Theories and Treatment of Abnormality
2-7
Copyright © 2014 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of
McGraw-Hill Education.
19. (p. 30) Which of the following neurotransmitters plays an important role in regulating
emotional well-being and aggressive impulses?
A. Dopamine
B. Norepinephrine
C. Acetylcholine
D. Serotonin
Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy