Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders 7th Edition Whitbourne Test Bank

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Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders 7th Edition Whitbourne Test Bank

 

02
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. Which of the following terms reflects the view that the people in treatment collaborate with those who
treat them?
A. “patient”
B. “inmate”
C. “recipient”
D. “client”
2. Which of the following expressions best reflects respect for the individual?
A. psychotic patient
B. schizophrenic client
C. psychopathic deviate
D. person with schizophrenia
3. The degree awarded to individuals who receive their training in clinical psychology from professional
schools is a(n)
A. MSW.
B. CAC.
C. PsyD.
D. DO.
4. Clinical psychologists have earned either a PhD or a(n)
A. PsyD.
B. MSW.
C. MD.
D. DSW.
5. What kind of training do clinical psychologists have?
A. PhD or PsyD in clinical psychology
B. MD with advanced training in psychological disorders
C. MSW with three years of residency
D. MS in psychology with a behavior management certificate
6. Medical doctors with advanced training in treating psychological disorders are referred to as
A. psychologists.
B. neurologists.
C. psychiatrists.
D. clinicians.
7. Dr. Reed has a PhD in clinical psychology and was trained in administering psychological tests.
Dr. Davis has an MD with advanced training in treating psychological disorders and can prescribe
medications. From the given information, we can infer that
A. Dr. Reed is a psychiatrist and Dr. Davis is a psychologist.
B. Dr. Reed is a psychologist and Dr. Davis is a psychiatrist.
C. Dr. Reed is a psychologist and Dr. Davis is a neurologist.
D. Dr. Reed is a social worker and Dr. Davis is a psychologist.
8. Which of the following individuals is trained in the administration and interpretation of psychological
tests?
A. recreational therapist
B. psychologist
C. counselor
D. occupational therapist
9. A mental health professional with training in the behavioral sciences who provides direct service to
clients is known as a(n)
A. psychiatrist.
B. occupational therapist.
C. clinical psychologist.
D. clinician.
10. Which of the following is an individual without a graduate-level training in psychology who can also play
a critical role in mental health services?
A. family therapist
B. recreational therapist
C. counseling psychologist
D. psychiatrist
11. The publication that contains descriptions of the various psychological disorders is called the
A. International Manual of Mental Diseases.
B. Physicians’ Desk Reference.
C. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
D. American Psychological Association’s Mental Disorders Handbook.
12. The consistency of measurements or diagnoses is referred to as
A. reliability.
B. validity.
C. the base rate.
D. a correlation.
13. Ralph has been sad and listless for three years. He cannot sleep and has lost his appetite. Using a
diagnostic system, one clinician arrives at a diagnosis of depression. Using the exact same diagnostic
system, another clinician arrives at a diagnosis of schizophrenia. What is the problem with this system?
A. It lacks effectiveness.
B. It lacks universality.
C. It lacks reliability.
D. It lacks validity.
14. Which of the following refers to the extent to which a diagnosis or rating accurately characterizes a
person’s psychological status?
A. reliability
B. validity
C. precision
D. significance
15. The purpose of a diagnostic manual is to provide
A. consistent diagnoses across people based on the presence or absence of a set of specific symptoms.
B. a clinician with a statistical model derived from data of different patients.
C. a list of names and contacts of mental patients who have been correctly diagnosed and successfully
treated.
D. elaborate studies and documents of mentally retarded patients who have also had physical disabilities.
16. Which of the following questions best describes one of the critical debates that will shape the new DSM5?
A. Is the DSM too inclusive of conditions that are known to be medical in nature?
B. Are the terms “disease”, “illness”, and “disorder” biomedical terms or sociopolitical terms?
C. Should the categorical approach be abandoned in favor of a dimensional approach?
D. Should the term “insanity” be included in the new edition of the DSM?
17. The diagnoses contained in the current DSM-IV-TR more closely correspond to those included in the
A. Physician’s Desk Reference.
B. International Manual of Mental Diseases.
C. DSM-II.
D. International Classification of Diseases.
18. An axis is a class of information in DSM-IV regarding
A. one aspect of an individual’s functioning.
B. a list of individuals suffering from schizophrenia.
C. the treatment of physical disabilities.
D. the number of cases pending with incorrect diagnosis.
19. The notion that disorders involving a loss of identity fit into a distinct group separate from other disorders
is the essence behind the
A. statistical approach.
B. psychodynamic model.
C. categorical approach.
D. dimensional model.
20. Dr. Johnson believes that the frequency and intensity of compulsive behavior exists on a continuum from
mild to severe. Dr. Johnson prefers to use which approach when viewing this behavior?
A. categorical
B. dimensional
C. psychoanalytical
D. statistical
21. The DSM-IV-TR adheres to the
A. psychoanalytic model.
B. behavioral model.
C. societal model.
D. medical model.
22. The fact that many clinicians view alcoholism as a disease is consistent with the DSM-IV-TR assumption
that classification should be based on the
A. psychogenic model.
B. humanitarian model.
C. medical model.
D. multimodal model.
23. A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome that occurs in a person and is associated
with present distress, disability, or increased risk of suffering is defined in the DSM-IV-TR as a
A. disease.
B. psychological disability.
C. mental disorder.
D. neurological dysfunction.
24. The number of axes the DSM-IV-TR utilizes along which clients are evaluated is
A. 2
B. 5
C. 7
D. 10
25. A collection of symptoms that together constitute a particular psychological disorder is a(n)
A. diagnosis.
B. syndrome.
C. prognosis.
D. axis.
26. “Coughing, sniffling, sneezing, runny nose, achiness, scratchy throat, and inability to sleep.” This
collection of symptoms represents a(n)
A. association.
B. diagnosis.
C. prognosis.
D. syndrome.
27. Which of the following is NOT a component of the definition of a mental disorder included in the DSMIV-TR?
A. The disorder is reflected in a behavioral or psychological syndrome.
B. The disorder is associated with present distress.
C. The disorder is an expectable and culturally sanctioned response.
D. The disorder is associated with impairment in life.
28. A man arrives one hour late for work every day because he is compelled to read every street sign on the
road to his workplace. Which of the following components of a mental disorder is exemplified by this
scenario?
A. behavioral syndrome
B. impairment in life
C. impulse-control
D. anxiety
29. Which of the following is a somatoform disorder?
A. hypochondriasis
B. pedophilia
C. anorexia nervosa
D. kleptomania
30. Disorders in which the normal integration of consciousness, memory, sense of self, or perception is
disrupted are known as
A. adjustment disorders.
B. anxiety disorders.
C. dissociative disorders.
D. impulse-control disorders.
31. Jack believes he is Jesus Christ and that he can walk on water. He claims he hears God talking to him
every morning at 3:00 a.m. In general terms, Jack seems to be suffering from
A. neurosis.
B. psychosis.
C. hypochondriasis.
D. prognosis.
32. Which of the following terms is used to refer to various forms of behavior that involve disturbed sleep
patterns?
A. depression
B. neurosis
C. delusion
D. insomnia
33. Which of the following disorders is characterized by disruption of normal integration of consciousness or
perception?
A. dissociative disorder
B. bipolar disorder
C. somatoform disorder
D. major depression
34. Which of the following is characterized by a consistently sad mood?
A. manic-depression
B. bipolar disorder
C. schizophrenia
D. major depression
35. The disorders which involve impairment in thought processes caused by medical conditions are
called
A. amnestic disorders.
B. psychotic disorders.
C. schizophrenic disorders.
D. prognostic disorders.
36. Which of the following terms is NOT used in the DSM-IV-TR?
A. bipolar disorder
B. major depression
C. schizophrenia
D. neurosis
37. Conditions characterized by the development of emotional and behavioural symptoms within 3 months
after a clear stressor are called
A. clinical disorders.
B. somatoform disorders.
C. cognitive disorders.
D. adjustment disorders.
38. The potential loss of his job has caused RJ to become deeply despondent. For the past six months, he has
begun drinking heavily and spending money irresponsibly. RJ is likely to be diagnosed with a(n)
A. impulse control disorder.
B. personality disorder.
C. adjustment disorder.
D. clinical disorder.
39. What information led Dr. Tobin to conclude that Peter was suffering from bipolar disorder?
A. Peter reported having intense bouts of anxiety.
B. Peter recently married but divorced three months later.
C. Peter experienced a psychotic episode after losing his job.
D. Peter was in a period of elation but had previously experienced a period of depression.
40. Which of the following disorders belongs to Axis I in DSM-IV-TR?
A. antisocial personality disorder
B. mood disorder
C. stress disorder
D. culture-bound disorder
41. Clinical disorders are listed on which axis in a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis?
A. Axis I
B. Axis III
C. Axis IV
D. Axis V
42. Schizophrenia and major depression are classified on
A. Axis I of the DSM-IV-TR.
B. Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR.
C. Axis III of the DSM-IV-TR.
D. Axis IV of the DSM-IV-TR.
43. Elaine is suffering from an anxiety disorder. She is classified as having an
A. Axis I disorder.
B. Axis II disorder.
C. Axis III disorder.
D. Axis IV disorder.
44. Susan and Ron are having marital difficulties; their difficulties are not due to any long-standing
psychological problems. A clinician might document their difficulties by
A. diagnosing each as having a personality disorder.
B. diagnosing each as having an adjustment disorder.
C. only listing the information on Axis IV.
D. considering the problem as a part of Axis I.
45. Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR is used for
A. clinical disorders.
B. personality disorders and mental retardation.
C. organic brain disorders.
D. substance abuse disorders.
46. Joey is diagnosed as having mental retardation. Which DSM-IV-TR Axis does this diagnosis appear on?
A. III
B. IV
C. V
D. II
47. Which disorders are built into the fabric of an individual’s personality or behavior patterns?
A. Axis IV disorders
B. Axis II disorders
C. Axis III disorders
D. Axis V disorders
48. Which DSM-IV-TR Axis is reserved for information about physical conditions that may be the basis of a
client’s emotional problems?
A. Axis V
B. Axis IV
C. Axis I
D. Axis III
49. Kathy was diagnosed with breast cancer three months ago and is now reporting feelings of severe
depression. On what DSM-IV-TR Axis would the information about her medical condition be recorded?
A. Axis I
B. Axis II
C. Axis III
D. Axis IV
50. Cheryl’s high blood pressure is aggravated by her persistent obsession with cleanliness. On which axis
would information regarding her medical condition appear?
A. Axis I
B. Axis III
C. Axis IV
D. Axis V
51. A psychologist suspects that Dan’s psychotic episode may be related to the recent death of his wife. On
which DSM-IV-TR Axis would this stressful event be recorded?
A. Axis I
B. Axis II
C. Axis III
D. Axis IV
52. The likelihood of a client recovering from a disorder is referred to as his or her
A. prognosis.
B. diagnosis.
C. convalescence.
D. determination.
53. On which DSM-IV-TR Axis is information listed about the client’s global level of functioning at the time
he or she is seen by the clinician?
A. Axis I
B. Axis II
C. Axis IV
D. Axis V
54. Heather has been diagnosed as having schizophrenia. Six months ago Heather’s symptoms were rather
mild but now they are severe. On which Axis would this information appear in a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis?
A. Axis IV
B. Axis VI
C. Axis V
D. Axis III
55. Mrs. Waltham is 75 years old and has been brought in for treatment by her daughter. Her daughter
claims that Mrs. Waltham has not only become forgetful, but has begun fabricating stories about how
she is a Bavarian princess who must return to her homeland to help the king. The clinician automatically
diagnoses Mrs. Waltham as having schizophrenia. What important information has the clinician
obviously ignored in making this diagnosis?
A. occupational status
B. client’s age
C. prevalence of this disorder
D. client’s gender
56. The Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale is the basis for
A. Axis I.
B. Axis III.
C. Axis IV.
D. Axis V.
57. A GAF scale of 11-20 of an individual’s psychological health indicates
A. persistent danger to self.
B. a superior functioning.
C. slight passing symptoms.
D. serious impairment.
58. The first step for a clinician in the diagnostic process involves
A. ruling out differential diagnoses.
B. planning a treatment strategy.
C. reviewing the DSM criteria for disorders matching the client’s symptoms.
D. commencing the treatment program.
59. According to the original National Comorbidity Survey, which of the following types of disorders was
most commonly comorbid with other psychiatric diagnoses?
A. the schizophrenias
B. drug and alcohol abuse
C. anxiety disorders
D. mood disorders