Accounting 25th Edition Warren Test Bank

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Accounting 25th Edition Warren Test Bank

Chapter 2–Analyzing Transactions
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. Accounts are records of increases and decreases in individual financial statement items.
True False
2. A chart of accounts is a listing of accounts that make up the journal.
True False
3. The chart of accounts should be the same for each business.
True False
4. Accounts payable are accounts that you expect will be paid to you.
True False
5. Consuming goods and services in the process of generating revenues results in expenses.
True False
6. Prepaid expenses are an example of an expense.
True False
7. Unearned Revenues account is an example of a liability.
True False
8. The Drawings account is an example of an expense.
True False
9. Accounts in the ledger are usually maintained in alphabetical order.
True False
10. Depending on the account title, the right side of the account is referred to as the credit side.
True False
11. To determine the balance in an account, always subtract credits from debits.
True False
12. The double-entry accounting system records each transaction twice.
True False
13. The increase side of all accounts is the normal balance.
True False
14. Transactions are initially entered into a record called a journal.
True False
15. The process of recording a transaction in the journal is called journalizing.
True False
16. Journalizing is the process of entering amounts in the ledger.
True False
17. Transactions are listed in the journal chronologically.
True False
18. Journalizing transactions using the double-entry bookkeeping system will eliminate fraud.
True False
19. Liability accounts are increased by debits.
True False
20. Expense accounts are increased by credits.
True False
21. Revenue accounts are increased by credits.
True False
22. The normal balance of a capital account is a debit.
True False
23. The normal balance of the drawing account is a debit.
True False
24. The normal balance of an expense account is a credit.
True False
25. The normal balance of revenue accounts is a credit.
True False
26. Withdrawals decrease owner’s equity and are listed on the income statement as a deduction from revenue.
True False
27. For a month’s transactions for a typical medium-sized business, the salary expense account is likely to have
only credit entries.
True False
28. For a month’s transactions for a typical medium-sized business, the accounts payable account is likely to
have only credit entries.
True False
29. When a business receives a bill from the utility company, no entry should be made until the invoice is paid.
True False
30. An account has three parts to it; a title, an increase side, and a decrease side.
True False
31. The T account got its name because it resembles the letter “T.”
True False
32. The right hand side of a T account is known as a debit and the left hand side is known as a credit.
True False
33. A debit is abbreviated as Db and a credit is abbreviated as Cr.
True False
34. Debiting the cash account will increase the account.
True False
35. A credit to the cash account will increase the account.
True False
36. The cash account will always be debited.
True False
37. The recording of cash receipts to the cash account will be done by debiting the account.
True False
38. The recording of cash payments from the cash account is done by entering the amount as a credit.
True False
39. The balance of the account can be determined by adding all of the debits, adding all of the credits, and
adding the amounts together.
True False
40. When an owner contributes equipment to the business, he or she retains ownership of the property.
True False
41. Liabilities are debts owed by the business entity.
True False
42. The accounts payable account is listed in the chart of accounts as an asset.
True False
43. A drawing account represents the amount of withdrawals made by the owner.
True False
44. Revenues are equal to the difference between cash receipts and cash payments.
True False
45. Expenses use up assets or consume services in the process of generating revenues.
True False
46. Owner’s capital will be reduced by the amount in the drawing account.
True False
47. The journal includes both debit and credit accounts for each transaction.
True False
48. A transaction that is recorded in the journal is called a journal entry.
True False
49. Assets are increased with debits and decreased with credits.
True False
50. Liabilities are increased with debits and decreased with credits.
True False
51. Debits will increase Unearned Revenues and Revenues.
True False
52. All owner’s equity accounts record increases to the accounts with credits.
True False
53. Journal entries can have more than two accounts as long as the debits equal the credits.
True False
54. Normal balances are the side that increase the account balance.
True False
55. When an owner invests assets in the business, the capital account increases due to revenue being earned.
True False
56. When an accounts payable account is paid in cash, the owner’s equity in the business decreases.
True False
57. When an account receivable is collected in cash, the total assets of the business increase.
True False
58. The process of transferring the data from the journal to the ledger accounts is posting.
True False
59. The post reference notation used in the ledger is the account number.
True False
60. The post reference notation used in the journal is the page number.
True False
61. A notation in the post reference column of the general journal indicates that the amount has been posted to
the ledger.
True False
62. The order of the flow of accounting data is (1) record in the ledger, (2) record in the journal, (3) prepare the
financial statements.
True False
63. The process of transferring the debits and credits from the journal entries to the accounts is known as
“updating the accounts”.
True False
64. Journalizing eliminates fraud.
True False
65. Once journal entries are posted to accounts, each account will show a new balance after each entry.
True False
66. A group of related accounts that make up a complete unit is called a trial balance.
True False
67. A trial balance determines the accuracy of the numbers.
True False
68. Even when a trial balance is in balance, there may be errors in the individual accounts.
True False
69. The totals at the bottom of the trial balance and the totals at the bottom of the balance sheet both show
equality and balancing, and therefore should be equal.
True False
70. A proof of the equality of debits and credits in the ledger at the end of an accounting period is called a
balance sheet.
True False
71. If the trial balance is in balance, it can be assumed that all journal entries were posted correctly and no
errors were made.
True False
72. Posting a part of a transaction to the wrong account will cause the trial balance totals to be unequal.
True False
73. The erroneous arrangement of digits, such as writing $45 as $54, is called a slide.
True False
74. Journalizing a transaction with both the debit and the credit for $69 instead of $96 will cause the trial
balance to be out of balance.
True False
75. Posting a transaction twice will cause the trial balance totals to be equal.
True False
76. The erroneous moving of an entire number one or more spaces to the right or left, such as writing $85 as
$850, is called a transposition.
True False
77. Accounts
A. do not reflect money amounts
B. are not used by entities that manufacture products
C. are records of increases and decreases in individual financial statement items
D. are only used by large entities with many transactions
78. Accounts are classified in the ledger
A. chronologically
B. alphabetically
C. in accordance with their appearance in the financial statements
D. so that accounts used most often are listed first
79. Revenue should be recognized when
A. cash is received
B. the service is performed
C. the customer places an order
D. the supplier charges an order
80. Which of the following accounts is an owner’s equity account?
A. Cash
B. Accounts Payable
C. Prepaid Insurance
D. Ross Morris, Capital
81. The gross increases in owner’s equity attributable to business activities are called
A. assets
B. liabilities
C. revenues
D. expenses
82. A chart of accounts is
A. the same as a balance sheet
B. usually a listing of accounts in alphabetical order
C. usually a listing of accounts in financial statement order
D. used in place of a ledger
83. The debit side of an account
A. depends on whether the account is an asset, liability or owner’s equity
B. can be either side of the account depending on how the accountant set up the system
C. is the right side of the account
D. is the left side of the account
84. An account is said to have a debit balance if
A. the amount of the debits exceeds the amount of the credits
B. there are more entries on the debit side than on the credit side
C. there are more entries on the credit side than on the debit side
D. the first entry of the accounting period was posted on the debit side
85. Which statement(s) concerning cash is (are) true?
A. cash will always have more debits than credits
B. cash will never have a credit balance
C. cash is increased by debiting
D. all of the above
86. A debit may signify a(n)
A. decrease in asset accounts
B. decrease in liability accounts
C. increase in the capital account
D. decrease in the drawing account
87. Which of the following types of accounts have a normal credit balance?
A. assets and liabilities
B. liabilities and expenses
C. revenues and liabilities
D. capital and drawing
88. Which of the following groups of accounts have a normal debit balance?
A. revenues, liabilities, and capital
B. capital and assets
C. liabilities and expenses
D. assets and expenses
89. Which one of the statements below is not a purpose for the journal?
A. to show increases and decreases in accounts
B. to show a chronological order by date
C. to show a complete transaction in one place
D. to help locate errors
90. A credit may signify a
A. decrease in assets
B. decrease in liabilities
C. decrease in capital
D. decrease in revenue
91. A debit signifies a decrease in
A. assets
B. expenses
C. drawing
D. revenues
92. Which of the following applications of the rules of debit and credit is true?
A. decrease Prepaid Insurance with a credit and the normal balance is a credit
B. increase Accounts Payable with a credit and the normal balance is a debit
C. increase Supplies Expense with a debit and the normal balance is a debit
D. decrease Cash with a debit and the normal balance is a credit
93. Which of the following describes the classification and normal balance of the fees earned account?
A. asset, credit
B. liability, credit
C. owner’s equity, debit
D. revenue, credit
94. The classification and normal balance of the accounts payable account is
A. an asset with a credit balance
B. a liability with a credit balance
C. owner’s equity with a credit balance
D. revenue with a credit balance
95. The classification and normal balance of the drawing account is
A. an expense with a credit balance
B. an expense with a debit balance
C. a liability with a credit balance
D. owner’s equity with a debit balance
96. Which of the following accounts are debited to record increase in balances?
A. assets and liabilities
B. drawing and liabilities
C. expenses and liabilities
D. assets and expenses
97. In which of the following types of accounts are increases recorded by credits?
A. revenues and liabilities
B. drawing and assets
C. liabilities and drawing
D. expenses and liabilities
98. In which of the following types of accounts are decreases recorded by debits?
A. assets
B. revenues
C. expenses
D. drawing
99. In which of the following types of accounts are decreases recorded by credits?
A. liabilities
B. owner’s capital
C. drawing
D. revenues
100. A credit balance in which of the following accounts would indicate a likely error?
A. Fees Earned
B. Salary Expense
C. Janet James, Capital
D. Accounts Payable
101. A debit balance in which of the following accounts would indicate a likely error?
A. Salaries Expense
B. Notes Payable
C. Edgar Martin, Drawing
D. Supplies
102. Randomly listed below are the steps for preparing a trial balance:
(1) Verify that the total of the Debit column equals the total of the Credit column.
(2) List the accounts from the ledger and enter their debit or credit balance in the Debit or Credit column of the trial balance.
(3) List the name of the company, the title of the trial balance, and the date the trial balance is prepared.
(4) Total the Debit and Credit columns of the trial balance.
What is the proper order of these steps?
A. (3), (2), (4), (1)
B. (2), (3), (4), (1)
C. (3), (2), (1), (4)
D. (4), (3), (2), (1)
103. Which of the following entries records the payment of an account payable?
A. debit Cash; credit Accounts Payable
B. debit Accounts Receivable; credit Cash
C. debit Cash; credit Supplies Expense
D. debit Accounts Payable; credit Cash
104. Which of the following entries records the investment of cash by Ron York, owner of a proprietorship?
A. debit Ron York, Capital; credit Accounts Receivable
B. debit Cash; credit Ron York, Capital
C. debit Ron York, Drawing; credit Cash
D. debit Cash; credit Ron York, Drawing
105. Which of the following entries records the receipt of a utility bill from the water company?
A. debit Utilities Expense; credit Accounts Payable
B. debit Utilities Payable; credit Accounts Receivable
C. debit Accounts Payable; credit Cash
D. debit Accounts Payable; credit Utilities Payable
106. Which of the following entries records the withdrawal of cash by Sue Martin, owner of a proprietorship,
for personal use?
A. debit Sue Martin, Capital; credit Cash
B. debit Sue Martin, Drawing; credit Cash
C. debit Salaries Expense; credit Cash
D. debit Salaries Expense; credit Salaries Payable
107. Office supplies were sold by Ari’s Alarm Service at cost to another repair shop, with cash
received. Which of the following entries for Ari’s Alarm Service records this transaction?
A. Office Supplies, debit; Cash, credit
B. Office Supplies, debit; Accounts Payable, credit
C. Cash, debit; Office Supplies, credit
D. Accounts Payable, debit; Office Supplies, credit
108. Office supplies purchased by Ari’s Alarm Service on account were returned. Which of the following
entries for Ari’s Alarm Service records this transaction?
A. Cash, debit; Office Supplies, credit
B. Office Supplies, debit; Accounts Receivable, credit
C. Accounts Payable, debit; Office Supplies, credit
D. Office Supplies, debit; Accounts Payable, credit
109. Cash was paid by Ari’s Alarm Service to creditors on account. Which of the following entries for Ari’s
Alarm Service records this transaction?
A. Cash, debit; Ari Fleish, Capital, credit
B. Accounts Payable, debit; Cash, credit
C. Accounts Receivable, debit; Cash, credit
D. Accounts Payable, debit; Account Receivable, credit
110. The process of initially recording a business transaction is called
A. closing
B. posting
C. journalizing
D. balancing
111. Which of the following entries records the acquisition of office supplies on account?
A. Office Supplies, debit; Cash, credit
B. Cash, debit; Office Supplies, credit
C. Office Supplies, debit; Accounts Payable, credit
D. Accounts Receivable, debit; Office Supplies, credit
112. Which of the following entries records the payment of rent for the current month?
A. Cash, debit; Rent Expense, credit
B. Rent Expense, debit; Cash, credit
C. Rent Expense, debit; Accounts Receivable, credit
D. Accounts Payable, debit; Rent Expense, credit
113. Which of the following entries records the receipt of cash from patients on account?
A. Accounts Payable, debit; Fees Earned, credit
B. Accounts Receivable, debit; Fees Earned, credit
C. Accounts Receivable, debit; Cash, credit
D. Cash, debit; Accounts Receivable, credit
114. Which of the following entries records the collection of cash from cash customers?
A. Fees Earned, debit; Cash, credit
B. Fees Earned, debit; Accounts Receivable, credit
C. Cash, debit; Fees Earned, credit
D. Accounts Receivable, debit; Fees Earned, credit
115. Which of the following entries records the receipt of cash for two months’ rent? The cash was received in
advance of providing the service.
A. Prepaid Rent, debit; Rent Revenue, credit.
B. Cash, debit; Unearned Rent, credit.
C. Cash, debit; Prepaid Rent, credit.
D. Cash, debit; Rent Expense credit.
116. A patient has a physical examination and asks the bookkeeper to mail the bill. The bookkeeper should
A. make no entry until the cash is received
B. Cash, debit; Accounts Receivable, credit
C. Cash, debit; Fees Earned, credit
D. Accounts Receivable, debit; Fees Earned, credit
117. Proof that the dollar amount of the debits equals the dollar amount of the credits in the ledger means
A. all of the information from the journal was correctly transferred to the ledger
B. all accounts have their correct balances in the ledger
C. only the journal is accurate; the ledger may be incorrect
D. only that the debit dollar amounts equal the credit dollar amounts
118. Which of the following is true about a T-Account?
A. Left hand side of the T-Account is called a debit.
B. Left hand side of the T-Accounts is called a credit
C. Right hand side of the T-Account is called a debit
D. None are true.
119. Which of the following abbreviations is correct?
A. Debit “Dr”, Credit “Cd”
B. Debit “Db”, Credit “Cr”
C. Debit “Db”, Credit “Cd”
D. Debit “Dr”, Credit “Cr”
120. Which side of the account increases a cash account?
A. credit
B. neither a debit or a credit
C. debit
D. either a debit or a credit
121. A cash payment is recorded on the cash account as a
A. neither a debit or a credit
B. credit
C. debit
D. either a debit or a credit
122. The balance of the account is determined by
A. adding all of the debits to all of the credits.
B. always subtracting the debits from the credits.
C. always subtracting the credits from the debits.
D. adding all of the debits, adding all of the credits, and then subtracting the smaller sum from the larger sum.
123. A list of the accounts is called
A. ledger
B. chart of accounts
C. T-Account
D. Debit
124. On the chart of accounts, the balance sheet accounts are normally listed in the following order
A. liabilities, assets, owner’s equity
B. assets, liabilities, owner’s equity
C. owner’s equity, assets, liabilities
D. assets, owner’s equity, liabilities
125. In which order are the accounts listed in the chart of accounts?
A. assets, expenses, liabilities, owner’s equity, revenues
B. owners’ equity, assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses
C. assets, liabilities, owner’s equity, revenues, expenses
D. assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, owners’ equity
126. Which are the parts of the T account?
A. title, date, total
B. date, debit side, credit side
C. title, debit side, credit side
D. title, debit side, total
127. Which of the following is not a correct rule of debits and credits?
A. assets, expenses and withdrawals are increased by debits
B. assets are decreased by credits and have a normal debit balance
C. liabilities, revenues and owner’s equity are increased by credits
D. the normal balance for revenues and expenses is a credit
128. Prarie Clinic purchased X-ray equipment for $7,500, paid $2,250 down, with the remainder to be paid
later. The correct entry would be
A. Equipment 2,250
Cash 2,250
B. Cash 2,250
Accounts Payable 5,250
Equipment 7,500
C. Equipment Expense 7,500
Accounts Payable 2,250
Cash 5,250
D. Equipment 7,500
Accounts Payable 5,250
Cash 2,250
129. The chart of accounts is designed to
A. alphabetize the accounts to make reading easier for its financial statement users.
B. analyze the accounts and organize them in order of dollar amount to simplify the accounting information for
users.
C. summarize the transactions and determine their ending balances.
D. meet the information needs of a company and other financial statement users.
130. Which group of accounts is comprised of only assets?
A. Cash, Accounts Payable, Buildings
B. Accounts Receivable, Revenue, Cash
C. Prepaid Expenses, Buildings, Patents
D. Unearned Revenues, Prepaid Expenses, Cash