Advanced Accounting 11th Edition Solution

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Advanced Accounting 11th Edition Solution

 

Chapter 1

 

BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

 

Answers to Questions

 

  • A business combination is a union of business entities in which two or more previously separate and independent companies are brought under the control of a single management team. Three situations establish the control necessary for a business combination, namely, when one or more corporations become subsidiaries, when one company transfers its net assets to another, and when each combining company transfers its net assets to a newly formed corporation.

 

  • The dissolution of all but one of the separate legal entities is not necessary for a business combination. An example of one form of business combination in which the separate legal entities are not dissolved is when one corporation becomes a subsidiary of another. In the case of a parent-subsidiary relationship, each combining company continues to exist as a separate legal entity even though both companies are under the control of a single management team.

 

  • A business combination occurs when two or more previously separate and independent companies are brought under the control of a single management team. Merger and consolidation in a generic sense are frequently used as synonyms for the term business combination. In a technical sense, however, a merger is a type of business combination in which all but one of the combining entities are dissolved and a consolidation is a type of business combination in which a new corporation is formed to take over the assets of two or more previously separate companies and all of the combining companies are dissolved.

 

  • Goodwill arises in a business combination accounted for under the acquisition method when the cost of the investment (fair value of the consideration transferred) exceeds the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired. Under GAAP, goodwill is not amortized for financial reporting purposes and will have no effect on net income, unless the goodwill is deemed to be impaired. If goodwill is impaired, a loss will be recognized.

 

  • A bargain purchase occurs when the acquisition price is less than the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. The acquirer records the gain from a bargain purchase as an ordinary gain during the period of the acquisition. The gain equals the difference between the investment cost and the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

1-1

 

 

 

 

1-2                                                                                                                                                                     Business Combinations

 

SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES

 

Solution E1-1

 

  • a

 

  • b

 

  • a

 

  • d

 

Solution E1-2 [AICPA adapted]

 

  • a

 

Plant and equipment should be recorded at the $220,000 fair value.

 

  • c
Investment cost $1,600,000
Less: Fair value of net assets $ 160,000
Cash
Inventory 380,000
Property and equipment — net 1,120,000 1,300,000
Liabilities (360,000)
Goodwill
$ 300,000

 

Solution E1-3
Stockholders’ equity Pal Corporation on January 2
Capital stock, $10 par, 600,000 shares outstanding $ 6,000,000
Other paid-in capital 3,390,000
[$400,000 + $3,000,000 – $10,000]
Retained earnings[$1,200,000 – $20,000] 1,180,000
Total stockholders’ equity
$10,570,000
Entry to record combination
Investment in Sip 6,000,000
Capital stock, $10 par 3,000,000
Other paid-in capital 3,000,000
Investment expense 20,000
Other paid-in capital 10,000
Cash 30,000
Check: Net assets per books(book value) $ 7,600,000
Goodwill and write-up assets 3,000,000
Less: Expense of direct costs (20,000)
Less: Issuance of stock (10,000)
$10,570,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 1-3
Solution E1-4
Journal entries on Pan’s books to record the acquisition
Investment in Set 10,200,000
Common stock, $10 par 4,800,000
Additional paid-in capital 5,400,000

To record issuance of 480,000 shares of $10 par common stock with a fair value of $10,200,000 for the common stock of Set in a business combination.

 

Additional paid-in capital 60,000
Investment expenses 100,000
Salary and overhead expenses 80,000
Other assets or cash 240,000

To record costs of registering and issuing securities as a reduction of paid-in capital, and record direct and indirect costs of combination as

 

expenses.
Current assets 4,400,000
Plant assets 8,800,000
Liabilities 1,200,000
Investment in Set 10,200,000
Gain from bargain purchase 1,800,000

 

To record allocation of the $10,200,000 cost of Set Company to identifiable assets and liabilities according to their fair values and the gain from the bargain purchase. The gain from bargain purchase is computed as follows:

Cost $10,200,000
Fair value of net assets acquired 12,000,000
Bargain purchase amount
$ 1,800,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

1-4                                                                                                                                                                     Business Combinations

 

Solution E1-5

 

Journal entries on the books of Pan Corporation to record merger with Sis Corporation

 

Investment in Sis 1,060,000 360,000
Common stock, $10 par
Additional paid-in capital 300,000
Cash 400,000
To record issuance of 36,000 common shares and payment of cash in the
acquisition of Sis Corporation in a merger.
Investment expenses 140,000
Additional paid-in capital 60,000 200,000
Cash
To record costs of registering and issuing securities and additional
direct costs of combination.
Cash 80,000
Inventories 200,000
Other current assets 40,000
Plant assets — net 560,000
Goodwill 320,000 60,000
Current liabilities
Other liabilities 80,000
Investment in Sis 1,060,000
To record allocation of cost to assets received and liabilities assumed
on the basis of their fair values and to goodwill computed as follows:
Cost of investment $1,060,000
Fair value of net assets acquired 740,000
Goodwill
$ 320,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 1-5
SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
Solution P1-1
Preliminary computations
Fair Value: Cost of investment in San at January 2 $2,400,000
(60,000 shares   $40)
Book value of net assets ($2,000,000 – $240,000) (1,760,000)
Excess fair value over book value
$ 640,000
Excess assigned to:
$160,000
Current assets
Remainder to goodwill 480,000
Excess fair value over book value
$640,000
Note: $100,000 direct costs of combination are expensed. The
excess fair value of Pin’s buildings is not considered.
Pin Corporation
Balance Sheet at January 2, 2011
Assets
Current assets $ 760,000
($520,000 + $240,000 + $160,000 excess – $160,000 direct costs)
Land ($200,000 + $400,000) 600,000
Buildings — net ($1,200,000 + $400,000) 1,600,000
Equipment — net ($880,000 + $960,000) 1,840,000
Goodwill 480,000
Total assets
$ 5,280,000

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

Current liabilities ($200,000 + $240,000)

 

Capital stock, $10 par ($2,000,000 + $600,000 new issue)

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

[$200,000 + ($30 60,000 shares) — $60,000 costs of issuing and registering securities]

$   440,000 2,600,000

 

1,940,000

 

Retained earnings (subtract $100,000 expensed direct cost) 300,000
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 5,280,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

1-6 Business Combinations
Solution P1-2
Preliminary computations $1,650,000
Fair Value: Cost of acquiring Sea
Fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed 1,340,000
Goodwill from acquisition of Sea
$ 310,000
Pet Corporation
Balance Sheet
at January 2, 2011
Assets
Current assets
Cash [$300,000 + $60,000 – $280,000 expenses paid] $ 80,000
Accounts receivable — net [$460,000 + $80,000 fair value] 540,000
Inventories [$1,040,000 + $240,000 fair value] 1,280,000
Plant assets
Land [$800,000 + $300,000 fair value] 1,100,000
Buildings — net [$2,000,000 + $600,000 fair value] 2,600,000
Equipment — net [$1,000,000 + $500,000 fair value] 1,500,000
Goodwill 310,000
Total assets
$7,410,000
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Liabilities
Accounts payable [$600,000 + $80,000] $ 680,000
Note payable [$1,200,000 + $360,000 fair value] 1,560,000
Stockholders’ equity
Capital stock, $10 par [$1,600,000 + (66,000 shares   $10)] 2,260,000
Other paid-in capital 2,110,000
[$1,200,000 – $80,000 + ($1,650,000 – $660,000)]
Retained earnings (subtract $200,000 expensed direct costs) 800,000
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$7,410,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 1-7
Solution P1-3
Par issues 25,000 shares of stock for Sin’s outstanding shares
1a Investment in Sin 1,500,000
Capital stock, $10 par 250,000
Additional paid-in capital 1,250,000
To record issuance of 25,000, $10 par shares with a market price
of $60 per share in a business combination with Sin.
Investment expenses 60,000
Additional paid-in capital 40,000
Cash 100,000
To record costs of combination in a business combination with Sin.
Cash 20,000
Inventories 120,000
Other current assets 200,000
Land 200,000
Plant and equipment — net 700,000
Goodwill 360,000
Liabilities 100,000
Investment in Sin 1,500,000

 

To assign investment cost to identifiable assets and liabilities according to their fair values and the remainder to goodwill. Goodwill is computed: $1,500,000 cost – $1,140,000 fair value of net assets acquired.

 

 

1b Par Corporation
Balance Sheet
January 2, 2011
(after business combination)
Assets $ 160,000
Cash [$240,000 + $20,000 – $100,000]
Inventories [$100,000 + $120,000] 220,000
Other current assets [$200,000 + $200,000] 400,000
Land [$160,000 + $200,000] 360,000
Plant and equipment — net [$1,300,000 + $700,000] 2,000,000
Goodwill 360,000
Total assets
$3,500,000
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
$ 500,000
Liabilities [$400,000 + $100,000]
Capital stock, $10 par [$1,000,000 + $250,000] 1,250,000
Additional paid-in capital [$400,000 + $1,250,000 – 1,610,000
$40,000] 140,000
Retained earnings (subtract $60,000 direct costs)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$3,500,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

1-8 Business Combinations
Solution P1-3 (continued)
Par issues 15,000 shares of stock for Sin’s outstanding shares
2a Investment in Sin (15,000 shares   $60) 900,000
Capital stock, $10 par 150,000
Additional paid-in capital 750,000
To record issuance of 15,000, $10 par common shares with a market
price of $60 per share. 60,000
Investment expense
Additional paid-in capital 40,000
Cash 100,000
To record costs of combination in the acquisition of Sin.
Cash 20,000
Inventories 120,000
Other current assets 200,000
Land 200,000
Plant and equipment — net 700,000
Liabilities 100,000
Investment in Sin 900,000
Gain on bargain purchase 240,000
To record Sin’s net assets at fair values and gain on bargain
purchase.

 

 

 

Fair value of net assets acquired $1,140,000
Investment cost (Fair value of consideration) 900,000
Gain on Bargain Purchase
$ 240,000
2b Par Corporation
Balance Sheet
January 2, 2011
(after business combination)
Assets $ 160,000
Cash [$240,000 + $20,000 – $100,000]
Inventories [$100,000 + $120,000] 220,000
Other current assets [$200,000 + $200,000] 400,000
Land [$160,000 + $200,000] 360,000
Plant and equipment — net [$1,300,000 + $700,000] 2,000,000
Total assets $3,140,000
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 500,000
Liabilities [$400,000 + $100,000]
Capital stock, $10 par [$1,000,000 + $150,000] 1,150,000
Additional paid-in capital [$400,000 + $750,000 – 1,110,000
$40,000] 380,000
Retained earnings (subtract $60,000 direct costs
and add $240,000 Gain from bargain purchase)
$3,140,000
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 1-9

 

Solution P1-4

 

  • Schedule to allocate investment cost to assets and liabilities

 

Investment cost (fair value), January 1 $300,000
Fair value acquired from Sun ($360,000   100%) 360,000
Excess fair value over cost (bargain purchase gain) $ 60,000

 

Allocation:
Cash Allocation
$ 10,000
Receivables — net 20,000
Inventories 30,000
Land 100,000
Buildings — net 150,000
Equipment — net 150,000
Accounts payable (30,000)
Other liabilities (70,000)
Gain on bargain purchase (60,000)
Totals
$ 300,000

 

 

2 Pub Corporation
Balance Sheet
at January 1, 2011
(after combination)
Assets Liabilities
Cash $  25,000 Accounts payable $ 120,000
Receivables — net 60,000 Note payable (5 years) 200,000
Inventories 150,000 Other liabilities 170,000
Land 145,000 Liabilities
490,000
Buildings — net 350,000
Equipment — net 330,000 Stockholders’ Equity
Capital stock, $10 par 300,000
Other paid-in capital 100,000
Retained earnings* 170,000
Stockholders’ equity
570,000
Total assets $1,060,000 Total equities
$1,060,000

 

* Retained earnings reflects the $60,000 gain on the bargain purchase.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

1-10                                                                                                                                                                   Business Combinations

 

Solution P1-5

 

  • Journal entries to record the acquisition of Saw Corporation

 

Investment in Saw 5,000,000
Capital stock, $10 par 1,000,000
Other paid-in capital 3,000,000
Cash 1,000,000
To record acquisition of Saw for 100,000 shares of common stock
and $1,000,000 cash. 200,000
Investment expense
Other paid-in capital 100,000
Cash 300,000
To record payment of costs to register and issue the shares of
stock ($100,000) and other costs of combination ($200,000).
Cash 480,000
Accounts receivable 720,000
Notes receivable 600,000
Inventories 1,000,000
Other current assets 400,000
Land 400,000
Buildings 2,400,000
Equipment 1,200,000
Accounts payable
600,000
Mortgage payable, 10% 1,200,000
Investment in Saw 5,000,000
Gain on bargain purchase 200,000

To record the net assets of Saw at fair value and gain on bargain purchase.

 

 

 

Gain on Bargain Purchase Calculation $5,000,000
Acquisition price
Fair value of net assets acquired 5,400,000
Gain on bargain purchase
$ 400,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 1-11
Solution P1-5 (continued)
2 Pat Corporation
Balance Sheet
at January 2, 2011
(after business combination)
Assets
Current Assets $ 5,180,000
Cash
Accounts receivable — net 3,320,000
Notes receivable — net 3,600,000
Inventories 6,000,000 $ 19,900,000
Other current assets 1,800,000
Plant Assets $ 4,400,000
Land
Buildings — net 20,400,000 46,000,000
Equipment — net 21,200,000
Total assets $65,900,000
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Liabilities $ 2,600,000
Accounts payable $13,800,000
Mortgage payable, 10% 11,200,000
Stockholders’ Equity $21,000,000
Capital stock, $10 par
Other paid-in capital 18,900,000 52,100,000
Retained earnings* 12,200,000
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity $65,900,000

 

  • Subtract $200,000 direct combination costs and add $400,000 gain on bargain purchase.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

1-12 Business Combinations
RESEARCH CASE
Research Case
Requirement 1

 

(Amounts in millions)
Investment in Target (1 Billion x $50) 50,000
Common Stock (1 Billion x $0.10) 100
Capital in Excess of Par Value 49,900
Cash and Cash Equivalents 2,200
Credit Card Receivables 6,966
Inventory 7,897
Other Current Assets 2,079
Land 6,952
Buildings and Improvements 26,582
Fixtures and Equipment 5,692
Computer Hardware and Software 3,090
Construction in Progress 502
Other Noncurrent Assets 829
Accumulated Other Comprehensive
Loss 581
Goodwill 26,301
Accumulated Depreciation 10,485
Accounts Payable 6,511
Accrued and Other Current Liabilities 3,120
Unsecured Debt and Other
Borrowings(short-term) 796
Nonrecourse Debt Collaterized by Credit
Card Receivables(short-term) 900
Unsecured Debt and Other
Borrowings(long-term) 10,643
Nonrecourse Debt Collaterized by Credit
Card Receivables(long-term) 4,475
Deferred Income Taxes 835
Other Noncurrent Liabilities 1,906
Investment in Target 50,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 1-13
Requirement 2 Wal-Mart Target Total
(Amounts in millions)
Assets
Current Assets:
Cash and Cash Equivalents $7,907 $2,200 $10,107
Receivables, net 4,144 6,966 11,110
Inventories 33,160 7,897 41,057
Prepaid Expenses and Other 2,980 2,079 5,059
Current Assets of Discontinued Operations 140 140
Total Current Assets $48,331 $19,142 $67,473
Property and Equipment:
Land $22,591 $6,952 $29,543
Buildings and Improvements 77,452 26,582 104,034
Fixtures and Equipment 35,450 5,692 41,142
Transportation Equipment 2,355 2,355
Computer Hardware and Software 3,090 3,090
Construction in Progress 502 502
Total Property and Equipment 137,848 42,818 180,666
Less Accumulated Depreciation -38,304 -10,485 -48,789
$ 131,87
Property and Equipment, Net $99,544 $32,333 7
Property Under Capital Leases:
Property Under Capital Leases $5,669 $5,669
Less Accumulated Amortization -2,906 -2,906
Property Under Capital Leases, Net $2,763 $2,763
Goodwill(16,126 + 26,301) $16,126 $42,427
Other Assets and Deferred Charges 3,942 829 4,771
Total Assets $ 170,70 $ 249,31
6 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

 

 

 

 

1-14 Business Combinations
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities:
Short-term Borrowings $523 $523
Accounts Payable 30,451 $6,511 36,962
Accrued Liabilities 18,734 3,120 21,854
Accured Income Taxes 1,365 1,365
Long-term Debt Due Within One Year 4,050 4,050
Obligations Under Capital Leases Due
Within One Year 346 346
Current Liabilities of Discontinued 92
Operations 92
Unsecured debt and Other Borrowings 796 796
Nonrecourse Debt Collaterized by Credit 900
Card Receivables 900
Total Current Liabilities $55,561 $11,327 $66,888
Long-term Liabilities:
Long-Term Debt $33,231 $33,231
Long-Term Obligations Under Capital
Leases 3,170 3,170
Deferred Income Taxes and other 5,508 $835 6,343
Unsecured Debt and Other Borrowings 10,643 10,643
Nonrecourse Debt Collaterized by Credit
Card Receivables 4,475 4,475
Other Noncurrent Liabilities 1,906 1,906
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest 307 307
Total Long-Term Liabilities $42,216 $17,859 $60,075
Stockholders’ Equity
Preferred Stock
Common Stock(100 + 378) $478
Capital in Excess of Par Value(3,803+49,900) 53,703
Retained Earnings 66,638
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
(70 + 581) -651
Total Stockholders’ Equity 120,168
Noncontrolling Interest 2,180
Total Stockholders’ Equity 122,348
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $249,31
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©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

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